Built in the 15th century by the Pitti family, the Palazzo Pitti houses one of the biggest art galleries in Florence. The building itself has housed a number of illustrious personages, including the Medici family, which bought it in the 16th century, Napoleon and the royal house of Italy. However, the king of Italy opened it to the public in 1919, since when it has housed a charming collection of art. Visit the Galleria Palatina to see works by Caravaggio, Raphael, Titian, Perugino and Peter Paul Rubens, all masters of Renaissance art. The museum also hosts silver pieces, modern art and a number of temporary exhibitions, which you can see in the White Room, or Sala Bianca.