The Curia Julia Senate is the third Senate named Curia in the ancient Roman city. It was built by Julius Caesar in 44 BC, but the work was interrupted by Caesar’s assassination. The building was finally completed by Caesar’s grand-nephew Octavian, the future Emperor Augustus, in 29 BC . In 94 AD, Curia Julia was rebuilt by the Domitian Emperor according to Caesar's original plan. The building was damaged by a fire in 283 AD and was restored again. In 630 AD, Pope Venerable I transformed the Senate into the Church of San Adriano Alfro. In the 1930s, the building was further restored, removing various medieval additions and restoring the original Roman architecture. Curia Julia is one of the few well-preserved Roman buildings. The architectural style of the Senate is not in harmony with the surrounding buildings, a bit like a modern warehouse with a square roof with a triangular section. Although it looks shameless, many important things in ancient Rome were discussed and decided here.
The Senate was the political center of ancient Rome. A brown roof with marble floors and mosaics of exhibits, relief sculptures and designed floors are still visible. It was transferred to the church in the seventh century due to a fire and continued to be restored and has been preserved until now.