Nanshan Temple is bordered by Danxia Mountain at its back and faces the Jiulong River to the north. Originally called the “Baoqu Chongfu Temple”, it was built during the Kaiyuan period of the Tang Dynasty (AD 713-741) by crown prince Chenyong. It didn't change to its current name of Nanshan Temple until the Ming Dynasty. The current existing buildings of Nanshan Temple were renovated in the late Qing Dynasty but still show the style of the Tang Dynasty. The historical "Five Treasures of Nanshan Temple" within the temple are very famous. These treasures are: the big bronze bell, the Buddha statue carved out of natural stalagmites, the Huayuan scripture written with blood for ink, the Guangxu Emperor's Tibetan scriptures and the Burmese jade Buddha.