Shigu Academy is located in Mount Shigu, Hengyang City. It was built in 5th year of Yuanhe Period of the Tang Dynasty. It has a history of over one thousand years. It is one of the four major academies of the Song Dynasty in China. Song Taizong Zhao Yiyi named it "Shigu Academy" and its renown is equal to the Fuyang, Bailudong and Yuelu Academies. Since ancient times, it has been a favorite place for scholars and literati. Su Shi, Zhou Dunyi, Zhu Xi, Cai Weinan and other historical luminaries have taught here.