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University of Moscow
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The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed
The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed is the most famous church in Russia, its onion top rooftops composed of 9 different shapes and colors is world famous, and may be said to be a landmark building in the Kremlin and Red Square area. Here the delicate and outstanding architectural artistry of this Eastern Orthodox church appears in vivid detail, and is now part of the national historical museum. Inside there are many wall paintings worthy of admiration of Eastern European peoples from around the 16th Century.
The church was constructed at the end of the 16th century, in order to commemorate the pacification of Kazan Khanate by Ivan the Terrible. It is said that Ivan the Terrible ordered the architect to be blinded, so that he would never make a building more beautiful than this one. This story discredits Ivan the Terrible while at the same time paradoxically reflecting the great beauty of the church.
St. Basil’s cathedral is composed of a series of small churches. At a glance they form a tangled maze, but in fact they have a regular organization: at the center of each church there is a lofty tower with a high arched roof, with a height of around 47 meters. The drum shaped dome is golden and shining, and the beam-shaped cylindrical tower is inlaid with niches on upper levels, and on lower levels has a row of high oval windows. Surrounded by 4 large chapels with octagonal towers, the roof is adorned with a huge “Onion Head” dome. Diagonally, between the 4 towers, there are 4 small chapels. The front doors of the 8 towers all face the winding corridor of the central church, and in all directions the outside of the church is surrounded by corridors and stairways.
The colors of the onion head domes are magnificent, scintillating in the sunlight, seeming like a castle out of children’s tales.
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Sparrow Hills (Vorobyovy Gory)
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Red Square
Red Square is located in the center of Moscow, which is the capital of Russia. On the banks of the Moscow River, it is the oldest square in the city, and is a witness to many important historical events. During important Russian holidays it is a place for mass gatherings, large celebrations, and military parades. It is an famous tourist place of interest as well.
Nothing can surpass Red Square as the most famous square in Moscow. Due to the fact that the main roads of Moscow all begin at Red Square and extend to all parts, Red Square is seen as the central plaza of Moscow. The original name of Red Square was “krasnyi” which means “market.” The predecessor of this was the late 15th Century area for “Commerce and Industry Area Outside the City” created by Ivan III. In 1517 there was a large fire in the square, and thereafter for a period of time it was called the “Fire Square.” In 1662 the name was changed to “Red Square” meaning “the Beautiful Square.” The surface area of Red Square is 91,000 sq. m., in the shape of a rectangle oriented north to south, with the eastern and western sides being narrower, with an approximate length of 695 meters and width of 130 meters.
After the 17th century, this square became the business center of Moscow, and an important site where the Tsar’s important governmental edicts were publicly read and where returning victorious troops were inspected. After the victory of the October revolution in 1917, Moscow became the capital of Russia, and Red Square became the site where national large-scale ceremonies, assemblies, and military parades were held.
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Red Square
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Luzhniki Stadium
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ulitsa Tverskaya
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The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed
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Jordy Chow
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