The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal has been excavated for more than 2500 years. In 2002, the Grand Canal was included in the Eastern Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project. On June 22, 2014, the 38th World Heritage Congress announced that the Grand Canal Project of China was successfully selected into the World Cultural Heritage List and became the 46th World Heritage Project of China. Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is the longest and largest ancient canal in the world. It is also one of the oldest canals. It is called three great projects in ancient China together with the Great Wall and Kanerjing. It has been used up to now. It is a great project created by the working people in ancient China and one of the symbols of China's cultural status. The Grand Canal runs from Yuhang (now Hangzhou) in the south to Zhuojun (now Beijing) in the north. It passes through Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, Hebei and Tianjin and Beijing. It runs through the five major river systems of Haihe, Huanghe, Huaihe, Yangtze and Qiantang rivers with a total length of about 1797 kilometers. The Canal has played an important role in the economic and cultural development and exchanges between the north and the south of China, especially in the development of industrial and agricultural economy along the canal.