Scott was born in Edinburgh. He was crippled by polio at the age of two and disabled for life. But he was able to ride horses and hunt with amazing perseverance. After graduating from Edinburgh University, he became a lawyer. He is both a poet and a historical novelist. He has written 27 historical novels, such as "Wilfley" successively. He has pioneered the European historical novel and has a reputation of "the soul of Scotland". He influenced a group of literary masters such as Pushkin and Balzac. When he was seriously ill, Marx even said that he could stop working but not reading Scott's novels. The Scott Monument has a square conical top and a Scott marble statue sits in the middle. He has a broad robe and sleeves and a dignified look. The monument is carved with portraits of Scott's fiction characters and famous Scottish poets. The tower is divided into four layers with 287 steps. It is said that when visitors climb the last step, dozens of heroes in Scott's works will come to welcome them.