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Xochimilco is located south of Mexico City and contains 176 acres of ancient canals and artificial islands called chinampas. Xochimilco was built by the Aztecs for irrigation and transportation. In fact, nearly all of the area surrounding current day Mexico City was part of this canal network, but now only Xochimilco remains. Xochimilco is a World Heritage Site and is commonly visited by tourists. Xochimilco's waterways are lined with vendors selling traditional goods, food and souvenirs. It is easy to get to Xochimilco by taking public transportation. The canals are also filled with boats that sell food and goods. Xochimilco is currently experiencing large scale environmental degradation, so now is the time to see the canals and chinampas before they disappear.