Shenniu Temple is the second important building of the Rollos Site Group. Located 12 kilometers southeast of Siem Reap City, the Rolls Site Group is divided into three sites - "Bagong Temple, Luolai Temple and Shenniu Temple. The Three Pagodas in front worship the male ancestors of Shiva and the king, while the latter three worship the goddess and female ancestors. Shenniu Temple is named after three sandstone bull statues in front of its central temple pagoda. The protagonists of these statues are Nandi, the white bull on which Shiva rides. After the establishment of the Khmer Empire in 802 A.D., King Royal Bama II of Khmer established his capital, Queri Royal, and died thereafter. His nephew, Indra Tamara I, came to power. Because of national strength, many temples were adopted and built by other countries. Shenniu Temple was repaired by German government in the 1990s. In Hindu culture, the God Niu Nandi is the mount of Shiva, so the God Niu Temple is also a temple dedicated to Shiva. In the middle of the Yongdao is "the statue of the God cow", originally there are three statues of the God cow here, one of them has been lost because of serious damage, and the remaining two are also damaged to varying degrees. Indra Bama I was a filial king. When he built his capital at the site of the Luoluo Temple Group, he emphasized that the temple of Shenniu, the ancestral temple for Shiva and ancestors, should be built first, and then the national temple at that time. So Shenniu Temple was also the first temple built in the whole Luoluo Temple Group.
Shenniu Temple is the oldest monastery in Angkor. Preah Ko means God Bull. Named after the God ox-quot; Nandi" worshipped in this temple, Nandi is the rider of Shiva. The original name of the temple is "Pamaishala", which is also the meaning of Shiva. You don't have to guess, this temple is dedicated to Shiva. It is said that it was built in order to sacrifice the ancestors and kings by King Dharatama I. Through the collapsed gate, you will see three statues of Nandi facing six halls, only one statue of Nandi is well preserved, and the other two statues have no shape due to the changes of time. Shenniu Temple can be seen everywhere to repair the traces, although the wall used the old method, but compared with those over the Millennium stones are still very obvious. What remains unchanged is the pattern on the lintel. Whether in the past or in the present, the ingenious sculpture is amazing.
In Cambodia, Siem Reap, there are stone cows at the gate of Shenniu Temple. Shenniu Temple is very small. Some statues and texts remain intact. It belongs to a landscape in the outer circle of Siem Reap's three-day tour. It will not take long to see it, and it belongs to a passing landscape.
Another important temple in the Rollos Temple Group is also the oldest temple in Angkor. It has a unique two-row parallel structure. Maybe because there is a row of Nandi statues in the temple, it is literally translated into Shenniu Temple, that is, Taizu Temple!
This is Shenniu Temple, built in the ninth century to worship ancestors, there are six pagodas. The Three Pagodas in the front row are: the pagodas on the right side of the sacrifice to the grandfather and on the left side of the sacrifice to the father in the center, and the three pagodas on the back row correspond to the sacrifices to their respective wives. Buildings of that era were mainly made of red bricks and very few stones, while carvings were mainly made on the surface of mortar (white part in the picture) which was not easy to preserve. There were very few existing but the exquisite carvings could be clearly seen. The pagodas were sealed up, and it was not clear whether there were any remains of them. So the buildings of that time were mainly used for sacrifice. In front of the tower, there are three kneeling God cow sculptures highlighting the theme.
Shenniu Temple, a small area, leaning against a jungle, has few people. Early Angkor relics were mostly made of red bricks, coated with mortar, and then carved. More than 400 years earlier than Angkor Wat, the temple of Shenniu was dilapidated and its carvings had been peeled off. The exposed red bricks are covered with Mottled sunshine and exude ancient charm. Few people are very quiet, suitable for concave shape
Shenniu Temple is the second important building among the Rolls. The base of the temple is a high platform with six towers on it. The first three towers are dedicated to the male ancestors of Shiva and the king, and the second three towers are dedicated to the goddess and female ancestors. The architectural style of the Queen's Palace is inherited and developed on the basis of the style of Shenniu Temple.
An ancient temple in Angkor's outer circle occupies a small area, but its carvings are exquisite. The Queen's Palace not far away is also built from here. Because far away from the city, there are few tourists here. It's very leisurely to enjoy the historic sites and take beautiful pictures.
Shenniu Temple is dedicated to ancestors, the first row is dedicated to paternal ancestors, and the second row is dedicated to maternal ancestors. When I went, I was repairing many pillar houses and replacing them with new ones. I don't know whether these old buildings have the historical mark of vicissitudes or become a vulgar stone house after they were renovated.
The second most important site in the Rollos is the six brick-red Buddhist pagodas. Men are in the front and their families are in the back. In front of each group of pagodas, there is a god cow guarding them. The color of the whole complex is the same as that of the Queen's Palace. The red brick mortar, as well as the early sculptures of Angkor, are exquisite. There are also ancient Indian Sanskrit inscriptions carefully inscribed on the doorposts. The tower gate was sealed up. There were probably some relics in it.