The Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland, is a shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary and one of the country's places of pilgrimage. The image of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, to which miraculous powers are attributed, is one of Jasna Góra's most precious treasures. The site is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments and is tracked by the National Heritage Board of Poland. Jasna Góra Monastery was founded in 1382 by Pauline monks who came from Hungary at the invitation of Władysław, Duke of Opole. The monastery has been a pilgrimage destination for hundreds of years, and it contains an important icon of the Virgin Mary. The icon, depicting the Mother of God with the Christ Child, is known as the Black Madonna of Częstochowa or Our Lady of Częstochowa, which is widely venerated and credited with many miracles. Among these, it is credited with miraculously saving the Jasna Góra monastery during the Siege of Jasna Góra that took place at the time of The Deluge, a 17th-century Swedish invasion. The event stimulated the Polish resistance. The Poles could not immediately change the course of the war, but, after an alliance with the Crimean Khanate, they repulsed the Swedes. Shortly thereafter, in the cathedral of Lwów (Lviv), on April 1, 1656, Jan Kazimierz, the King of Poland, solemnly pronounced his vow to consecrate the country to the protection of the Mother of God and proclaimed Her the Patron and Queen of the lands in his kingdom.
Ogrodzieniec Castle is a ruined medieval castle in the south-central region of Poland called Polish Jura. Originating in the 14th century the castle was rebuilt several times in its long history. It is situated on the top of 515.5-metre-high Castle Mountain, the highest hill of the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. The ruins are open to visors and are a part of Trail of the Eagles' Nests, a hiking trail that connects a number of well known castles in the region. The history of fortifications on the top of Ogrodzieniec Castle Mountain goes back to the early 12th century and the reign of Boleslaus III Wrymouth. It was during his rule when the first stronghold was built on the top of the hill. This first keep, made largely of earth and wooden ramparts, was razed to the ground in 1241 during the Mongol Invasion of Europe. In the middle of the 14th century new gothic castle was built here to accommodate the Włodek Sulima family. Surrounded by three high rocks, the castle was well integrated into the area. The defensive walls were built to close the circuit formed by the rocks, and a narrow opening between two of the rocks served as an entrance.
This multifamily housing project is distinguished for its unique balconies, which contribute to the cost-effective design. On one side, the terraces are narrow and veer outward; however, upon reaching the other, they become wider, as if at the intersection of two invisible planes. These extraordinary forms create a distinct profile, all the more impressive given the project’s extremely limited budget. The grey color of the apartment references the soot that over time covered Katowice’s modernist architecture and transformed their appearances.
Katowice was an important center of modernism after the rebirth of the Polish state following World War I. The standout structure from the period is the Drapacz Chmur (literally “skyscraper”), a spectacular example of functionalism designed by architect Tadeusz Kozłowski and engineer Stefan Bryła from 1929-34. The corner lot and distinctive balconies vaguely recall the forms of Drapacz Chmur, bringing to mind the city’s significant historical and contemporary role in European architecture.
#residentialarchitecture #multifamilyhousing #multiunithousing
Yes, #poland again, but if course every post for a different city! It is easy because Poland is big country. The city of #katowice is one of the 10 biggest in the country. It has its own airport and for tourists is normally a stopover destination. There is nice pedestrian street just across the train station. Also some buildings that are very beautiful and a small park. The city is also nice for shopping tourism.
One of the most memorable experiences in the entire Polish itinerary was a forest hunting castle near Kobior. It is a good idea to say that she is a hunting castle, as the 4-star Hotel Noma Residence Zameczek Myliwski Promnice is housed in a 19th-century (1861) hunting chalet owned by the Dukes of Pszczyna family. All kinds of animal specimens that have been hunted by this ancient family have been opened all over the place, which has opened our eyes, and we can sleep with the "beasts" and we are really excited. The old photos hanging on the walls of the living room tell the story that the hotel has hosted many prime ministers. The hotel is situated in the peaceful Pszczyna Forest on the shores of Paprocanskie Lake. At sunrise and sunset, we stroll through the lakeside trails outside the cottage. From time to time, guests who ride bicycles through the forest roar past, while those who enjoy fishing can enjoy the Paprocanskie lake. enjoy. Even the old all-wood castle is full of modern amenities, and the hotel offers rooms with free Wi-Fi and private parking. The interior of the hotels rooms retains its historic character. Each room has a minibar, TV and a private bathroom with free toiletries, a hairdryer and a bath or shower.