Joburg, as it's known, is both the wealthiest city in Africa and one with stark poverty and crime. To travel here is to step into a culture inextricably linked with its apartheid past. But the Joburg of today is a city overflowing with art, fashion, and sporting events. There are things to do for every type of traveler. Head to the township of Soweto and book one of the dozens of cultural heritage tours - - by bicycle , van or on foot - - to learn about the history of apartheid, while the Apartheid Museum offers a detailed view of South Africa's troubled past. Out in the swish suburbs, visitors will be greeted with attractions such as zoos, hot air balloon rides, and shopping. There are several nature preserves within Joburg's city limits (and many larger ones nearby ) , so enjoy a day safari and see rhinos, lions, or antelope. Because of its relatively low costs compared to Europe, Joburg is popular with backpackers. Hotels can be a good value and a plethora of cheap hostels offered something for every price range.